Laws and Regulations


These links will take you to specific equal employment opportunity laws and regulations, and to sites where you can search for employment laws and regulations. These laws and regulations have been interpreted through numerous court decisions, and enforcement agency opinions, that you must consider to understand the current law on particular issues. The descriptions following the links below provide only a brief summary of each law, regulation, or site. You must examine the linked material to learn the specific provisions and coverage of the laws and regulations.

United States of America

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Prohibits employment discrimination because of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Prohibits retaliation for opposing discrimination, filing a complaint, or participating in a related proceeding.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967

Prohibits employment discrimination because of age against persons age 40 and older. Prohibits retaliation for opposing age discrimination, filing a complaint, or participating in a related proceeding. This law was amended by the Older Workers Benefit Protection Act which sets minimum criteria that must be satisfied before a waiver of any ADEA right is considered a "knowing and voluntary" waiver.

Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990, Titles I and V

Prohibits employment discrimination because of: mental and physical disabilities that substantially limit a major life activity; or having a record of a disability; or being regarded as having a disability. Requires reasonable accommodation of mental and physical disabilities.

Civil Rights Act of 1991

Provides for the recovery of compensatory and punitive damages in actions under Title VII and the Americans With Disabilities Act, and addresses other aspects of discrimination law, including disparate impact claims, mixed motive cases, seniority systems, coverage of U. S. citizens employed abroad by American corporations, and expert witness fees.

Equal Pay Act of 1963

Prohibits wage differentials based on sex for jobs that require equal skill, effort, and responsibility, and are performed under similar working conditions in the same establishment ("equal pay for equal work").

Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Sections 501 and 505

Prohibits employment discrimination against disabled persons who are employed by federal government agencies, federal contractors, and recipients of federal financial assistance. Requires federal contractors to use affirmative action in recruiting and employing disabled persons.

Federal Family and Medical Leave Act

Provides that eligible employees may take up to 12 weeks of leave during a 12-month period if an employee's serious health condition makes the employee unable to perform the essential functions of their job; or to care for a newborn or adopted child; or to care for the employee's spouse, child, or parent who has a serious health condition.

EEOC Procedural Regulations, 29 CFR Section 1601 et.seq.

Search this Cornell University site for the term "29 CFR 1601" to view the regulations of the U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission that describe its handling of charges of employment discrimination.

Regulations on Federal Sector Equal Employment Opportunity,
29 CFR Section 1614

These regulations describe the process for handling employment discrimination complaints made by employees of most federal government agencies.

Executive Order 11246

Requires non-discrimination by employers having federal government contractors.

Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs Compliance Regulations, Equal Employment Opportunity, 41 CFR, Chapter 60

Regulations applicable to federal government contractors regarding non-discrimination in employment, affirmative action, and compliance reviews .

United States Code, Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, Chapter 21, Civil Rights

Federal statutes that protect civil rights, including Sections 1981, 1981a, and 1983.

United States Department of Agriculture, Immigration Reform and Control Act Non-Discrimination Provisions

Discrimination against aliens authorized to work, or discrimination in favor of authorized alien workers, is unlawful for farm employers with four or more employees.

U.S. Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures

Guidelines issued jointly by the U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Department of Labor, and the Department of Justice on discrimination in employee selection procedures.

State of California

California Fair Employment and Housing Act - Government Code - Scroll to Sections 12900 to 12996

This state law prohibits employment discrimination because of the race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, marital status, or sex, and describes the powers and procedures of the California Department of Fair Employment and Housing, and the California Fair Employment and Housing Commission.

California Labor Code Sections 1101 - 1106 -
Section 1102.1 Sexual Orientation Discrimination

Prohibits employment discrimination because of sexual orientation.

California Labor Code Sections 1171 - 1205 -
Scroll to Section 1197.5 Equal Pay for Equal Work

Prohibits wage discrimination based on sex in jobs that require equal skill, effort, and responsibility, and are performed under similar working conditions.

California Constitution, Article 1, Declaration of Rights: Section 8 - Non-discrimination; and, Section 31(a) - "Proposition 209"

Section 8 states that a person may not be disqualified from entering or pursuing a business, profession, vocation, or employment because of sex, race, creed, color, or national or ethnic origin. Section 31(a) provides that the State shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, or ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.

State of California Home Page

The State's home web page that provides access, and search capability, for all of the web pages maintained by the State of California.

State of California, Legislative Counsel - California Law

The Legislative Counsel's page provides access, and search capability, for all California legislative information, and laws.

State of Oregon

Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries

This new site became operational in July 1998, and describes the laws and procedures administered by BOLI, and it Civil Rights Division.

Oregon Revised Statutes, Chapter 659, Civil Rights, Unlawful Employment Practices

State law that prohibits discrimination because of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, marital status, disability, and other unlawful employment practices.

Bureau of Labor and Industries, Civil Rights Division, Complaint Procedures

These Oregon Administrative Rules describe the procedures for filing a discrimination complaint, and the procedures for handling of the complaint by the BOLI Civil Rights Division.

Bureau of Labor and Industries, Civil Rights Division, Substantive Rules on Discrimination

These Oregon Administrative Rules discuss topics including unlawful discrimination, discrimination theories, degreee of causality, and bona fide occupational qualifications.

Bureau of Labor and Industries, Civil Rights Division, Substantive Rules on Disability Discrimination

Scroll to 839-006-0200 for Persons With Disabilities, ORS 659.425, for rules prohibiting employment discrimination against persons with mental or physical disabilities. Topics include definitions, prohibition of discrimination, and reasonable accommodation.

Bureau of Labor and Industries, Civil Rights Division, Substantive Rules on Sex Discrimination

These Oregon Administrative Rules discuss differential treatment because of gender, protections relating to pregnancy, and the definition of sexual harassment.

Bureau of Labor and Industries, Civil Rights Division, Substantive Rules on Opposition to Health and Safety Hazards

The Oregon Safe Employment Act provides that no person can refuse to hire a prospective employee, discharge an employee, or otherwise discriminate against an employee or prospective employee because that employee or prospective employee: opposed any practice forbidden by OSEA; made a complaint related to OSEA; or, instituted, or testified in, a proceeding under OSEA.

Bureau of Labor and Industries, Administrative Rules

All of the administrative rules of the Bureau of Labor and Industries, including the Civil Rights Division.

Oregon Family Leave Act

Requires employers to provide leave to covered employees to care for an employee's newborn, newly adopted or newly placed foster child; for an employee's own serious health condition or to care for a family member with a serious health condition, including pregnancy-related conditions; and, to care for an employee's child who is suffering from an illness or injury that is not a serious health condition but requires home care.

Bureau of Labor and Industries, Civil Rights Division, Personnel Listing

Contains the name, job title, and telephone number for all employees of the BOLI Civil Rights Division.

State of Oregon OnLine

The home page of the State of Oregon that contains numerous links to topics including government, community, commerce and education.

Oregon Legislature

The home page of the Oregon Legislature, containing links to information about the State Senate and House, and search capability about bills and laws.

Oregon Administrative Rules

Contains the administrative rules of all Oregon agencies. Search for the procedural and substantive rules of the Bureau of Labor and Industry, Civil Rights Division.

Willamette College of Law, J. W. Long Law Library

Provides access to the Oregon Constitution, and search capability for the Oregon Revised Statutes, and legislative measures.

Other Sources of Laws and Regulations

U.S. House of Representatives, Internet Law Library - Employment & Labor

This site provides access to numerous federal and state employment and labor laws.

Thomas Legislative Information on the Internet

This is a source of information on U. S. Congress legislation.

Employment Laws Compiled by U.S. General Services Administration

Provides links to numerous federal employment laws, and to federal agencies.

Nolo Press Self-Help Law Center

Contains plain-lanaguage information about employment laws, and other laws. The feature for the month of July 1998 is sexual harassment law.

Willamette University College of Law, Willamette Law Online, Employment Law - Prof. Ross Runkel

Provides information on employment law, employment discrimination law, the EEOC, and other related topics.

Cornell University Legal Information Institute - Employment Discrimination Law Materials

A source of information about some federal employment laws, and selected laws of some states, including California.

FindLaw Internet Legal Resources

A comprehensive source of information about the law, government agencies, legal organizations, law schools, and law firms.

Counsel Quest Courts and Opinions

Intended as "A premier internet legal resource locator."

The 'Lectric Law Library's Lawopedia on Employment & Labor

A site that "has all sorts of workplace related materials for employers & employees."

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